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"Nanhai Ⅰ date" archaeological work China witness underwater archaeology of 30 years of history, "the south China sea Ⅰ" discovery and research of international academic seminar held in yangjiang
Source: | Author:heritagechina | Publish time: 2017-11-30 | 939 Views | Share:

Nanhai No. 1 cultural relic protection laboratory

Bundled packaging in the transportation of porcelain

To commemorate the discovery of "Nanhai No. 1" 30th anniversary, on 25-26 November, the International Academic Symposium on the discovery and research of Nanhai I was held in Hailing Island, Yangjiang, Guangdong. More than 80 experts from China, the United States, Greece, Japan, South Korea, Iran, Singapore, Cambodia and other countries attended the symposium. Ⅰ meeting around the south China sea "survey, excavation, display and research, retrospect and prospect of underwater archaeology in China, the maritime silk route of academic research, under the international field of vision of the underwater cultural heritage protection topic presentation and discussion. Vice director of the state administration of cultural heritage song, the cultural program officer of UNESCO office in China, Ms. Gurung Himalchuli, and mayor of yangjiang city at the opening ceremony. The secretary for cultural and cultural affairs of guangdong province has presided over the opening ceremony.

An auction of water cultural relics in China's waters 30 years ago has promoted or directly promoted the birth of Underwater Archaeology in China. At the same time, in 1987, the first year of Underwater Archaeology in China, the discovery of "Nanhai I" and "underwater archaeological work coordination group" and the establishment of Underwater Archaeology Research Room of Chinese history museum were also called the three landmark events. In the past 30 years, "Nanhai I" has presented the historical style of the maritime Silk Road to the world with wonderful archaeological achievements. It has become the most important underwater archaeological achievement to date, and also witnessed the development of Underwater Archaeology in China.

Song Xinchao said in his speech, reviewed the Chinese underwater archaeology "for 30 years, we always adhere to the basic principles and guidelines for the protection of cultural relics, always uphold the development concept of cooperation open, always practicing practice bold and innovative consciousness, to explore with the archaeological development pattern" China characteristics meet the conditions of the water, mainly reflected in six aspects: the system of law to protect the building as the core of development; the team construction as a strategic focus on the development of underwater archaeology, reinforce the solid foundation of development; to open cooperation as a basic strategy to promote career development, actively absorb domestic and foreign advanced ideas and technology to improve the implementation of the project as a major; an important task in the professional skills and technical research, promote the overall level of Underwater Archaeology promotion; to expanding business areas As an effective means of underwater archaeological system construction, popularizing the public as an important way to create a good social atmosphere.

Song Xinchao said that underwater archaeology in China has just started, and there are still many difficulties, problems and challenges. Especially for such a developing country and cultural heritage country like China, it is also faced with arduous tasks to protect the underwater cultural heritage resources. We are willing to work with international colleagues together, strengthen exchanges and mutual cooperation, and jointly promote the development of underwater archaeology, make greater contribution to the construction of The Belt and Road.

The State Administration of cultural heritage protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage Center Deputy Director Song Jianzhong, technical director, director of the Institute of archaeology, Sun Jian, Jiang Bo, UNESCO's representative office in China cultural project official Gurung Himalchuli respectively the "Chinese underwater archaeological history, South China Sea, the discovery and study of the" Maritime Silk Road archaeological discoveries and study "and" global perspective "2001 underwater Convention" "four keynote speeches.

Song Jianzhong in summing up 30 years of achievements, mainly introduced since 2013 General Secretary Xi Jinping has proposed the building of the Silk Road Economic Belt "and twenty-first Century" maritime Silk Road ", namely" The Belt and Road "initiative since the new changes and meteorological China Underwater Archaeology show. To further improve the mechanism construction, underwater archaeology special ship put into use, to further enhance the personnel training; underwater archaeology from offshore to offshore, water and archaeological, increase in the number of categories and at the same time, strengthen the comprehensive multidisciplinary cooperation, to protect the site of water under the concept of innovation; field of underwater archaeological research showing a series of characteristics and the theme and focus of the. With the development of this field and "The Belt and Road" background, deepening international cooperation.

"Nanhai Ⅰ date" after 10 years of excavation has been proved that this is a full of the southern song dynasty merchant of foreign trade of all kinds of goods. The sunken land was the gateway to the western world's "maritime silk road". "Nanhai Ⅰ date" as a relatively independent and complete structure underwater remains, the amount of information that it contains is very large. As of now, there have been more than 21,000 pieces of relics and 2,600 specimens, with the largest number of porcelain, iron, bronze and copper COINS. Large quantities of trade porcelain are for export to meet the demand of different market. Iron and brass have become the main output of goods; The appearance of copper COINS shows that the developed commodity economy in the song dynasty has already involved the overseas trading system. To study Chinese and even the whole history of the ancient shipbuilding history of east Asia, southeast Asia, ceramic history of history, trade, shipping and so on has a special significance, as well as the maritime silk route of one thousand heritage provides a solid argument.

The delegates also discussed the ocean trade and cultural exchange, underwater archaeological detection technology, and the protection of the water cultural relics. Scholars from Greece, Iran, Japan, Korea, Kampuchea and Singapore introduced the latest developments in Underwater Archaeology in their country. The conference also convened a round table with the "2001 underwater Convention and the protection of underwater cultural heritage" as the main body to talk about the concept of underwater cultural heritage protection and international cooperation.
During the meeting, the delegates visited the Guangdong Maritime Silk Road Museum in the South China Sea I shipwreck excavation site, observe the "South China Sea" water heritage site protection laboratory, and visit the "homing:" South China Sea "the cultural relics exhibition".
The seminar was hosted by the National Cultural Relics Bureau, the underwater cultural heritage protection center, the Guangdong provincial culture hall, the Yangjiang Municipal People's government, the Guangdong Provincial Institute of cultural relics and Archaeology and the Guangdong Maritime Silk Road Museum.